In Quebec, there are four faculties offering a Doctor in Medicine: University of Montreal, University of Laval, University of Sherbrooke and McGill University. The length of the program varies between four and five years depending on the chosen university. To obtain more information on the particularities of a specific program, consult it’s respective website by clicking on the hyperlinks above.
Medical training consists of two complementary steps. The first is the obtention a Doctor of Medicine degree, the equivalent of an undergrad. This four to five years training is mandatory. The second step, or post graduate studies, consists of obtaining the right to practice medicine through a residency training program. Students will have to choose and apply to a specific program: family medicine (2 years) or one of the 32 offered specialties (3 to 6 years). Careers in research are also available.
Admissions to a medical program depend on the number of offered positions, a number which varies every year. In 2014-2015, more than 800 students gained admittance to the four Quebec medical schools.
A first selection of candidates is done according to their academic record. Subsequently, personal characteristics are assessed through the use of “MEMS” or “mini-entrevues multiples”, with specific criteria dependent on the individual university.
The Preclinical Studies
In Quebec, the Doctor of Medicine studies are split into two distinct steps. The first step is preclinical followed by clinical rotations.
The preclinical step lasts a year and a half to two years, depending on the university. The student learns the theoretical basis of medicine that will enable him or her to take full advantage of rotations in a hospital setting. The Quebec medical curriculum also provides early exposure in hospitals to better prepare students. The learning methods vary from one program to another and include problem based learning (in small groups), lectures, and laboratory dissections.
For all issues concerning the preclinical part of your curriculum, please contact your local associations, since they should be able to help you. If you believe the FMEQ can contribute, do not hesitate to contact us!
The clerkship is the second portion of training necessary for the obtention of a Doctor of Medicine degree and follows the preclinical studies. The clerkship lasts about two years and consists mainly core and elective rotations in a hospital setting, in all fields of practice such as family medicine, internal medicine, surgery, psychiatry, obstetrics and gynaecology.
During their last year of clerkship, medical students must also prepare for their admission to a medical residency program. The Canadian Residency Matching Service (CaRMS) allows them to submit their application in all Canadian residency programs. For more details on the process, see the section CaRMS.
At the end of their clerkship, graduates in medicine must pass the LMCC I, which is the Canada-wide review at the end of training, before starting their residence. Please see CTMA page for details.